website will be down on 13/06/2019 and 14/06/2019 due to technical maintenace!

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Carbon monoxide poisoning may occur in the chemical industry where it is used for synthesizing certain organic compounds (acetone, methyl alcohol, phenol etc.) in poorly ventilated garages, or in stuffy, freshly painted premises. It may are happen in households when the stove shutters are closed too early in premises with stove heating.

The early symptoms are headache, heaviness in the head, nausea, and dizziness, noise in the ears, and palpitation. Later muscular weakness and vomiting occur. If the victim remains in the poisonous atmosphere, the weakness intensifies, somnolence, clouding of consciousness, and despond develop. The skin turns pale and sometimes bright and red spots appear on the body. In further exposure to carbon monoxide the patient's respiration becomes shallow, convulsions develop, and paralysis of the respiratory center terminates in death.
First aid
The victim must be immediately removed from the poisonous surroundings, better into the open air in warm weather. If his breathing is weak and shallow or arrested, artificial respiration should be continued until adequate natural breathing or the true signs of biological death appear. Rubbing should be carried out and hot-water bottles applied to the legs. A brief whiff of ammonium hydroxide is beneficial. A patient with severe carbon monoxide poisoning must be immediately hospitalized in order to prevent possible grave complications in the lungs and nervous system which may develop later.
Go to Navigation