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Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol taken in considerable (toxic) quantities may cause fatal poisoning. A fatal dose of ethyl alcohol is 8 g per 1 kg body weight. Alcohol affects the heart, blood vessels, gastro- intestinal tract, liver, kidneys, and mainly the brain. In a case of severe intoxication, sleep is followed by unconscious state. Vomiting and involuntary urination are frequent symptoms. The respiratory center is drastically inhibited, which is manifested by irregular breathing. Death ensures when the respiratory center becomes paralysed.

First aid. Fresh air should be provided (a window open or the victim taken outside), vomiting induced by "minor lavageas" If the patient is still conscious, he should be given hot strong coffee. A respiratory arrest is managed by artificial respiration
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